Archive for the ‘ Care & Maintenance ’ Category
posted on December 4th, 2014 by Zoysia Farms
Understanding how your Zoysia grows and spreads can help you to maintain and care for your lawn properly.
There are several parts to a zoysia plant. I am going to touch on some of the main parts, the crown, roots, rhizome, stolons, leaf blade and seedhead.
The crown is the main shaft of the plant which is attached to the tap roots. The tap roots can grow up to 2 feet long. The tap root is where the plant absorbs water under ground. Due to the long length of this root it can reach a lot of water that other grasses can not.
The crown also produces Rhizomes, which are roots that are underground about 4-5 inches and grow outward and upward, producing new plants. This is how the grass spreads underground.
From the crown stolons also form and run along the top of the soil. About every inch there is a small cluster, called a node. This node will eventually take a roothold forming a new plant. The stolons are how zoysia grass spreads above ground.
Most importantly, water, sunlight and nutrients are absorbed through the leaf blade and soil. These are past from the leaf blade down to the roots of the plant and then fed to the rest of the plant.
The seedhead usually does not grow if the grass is kept mowed. The seeds that are produced on most zoysia grasses are not used to propagate zoysia. The success rate is very low if at all. Successful zoysia lawns are most often grown from plugs, sprigs or sod.
posted on April 15th, 2014 by Zoysia Farms
With all of the chemicals being dumped into our waterways, the laws are changing more and more as to what can be applied to lawns. We all need to think about organic solutions for our lawn problems.
Did you know there are competitively priced effective organic solutions for almost all of our lawn problems? Everything from fertilizer, lime, fungicides, insecticides, thatch remover, soil enhancers and weed killers.
The first step to having a delightful, lush, full lawn is prevention. Early spring is the best time to apply soil enhancers, pre-emergent weed killers, fertilizers, lime and insecticides.
One of the great organic products is the liquid thatch remover. This product takes the drudgery out of raking out the previous year’s debris from your lawn. If you have never tried our liquid Thatch it certainly makes this chore much easier.
The better the soil, the better your lawn will perform and look. It is important to have your soil pH in correct range so your plants thrive. The soil pH should be between 6.0 and 7.0. The ph can be altered if needed by using lime, such as our Cafe Lime if the soil pH is below a 6.0 and sulfur if it is above 7.0.
Most of us fight weeds all summer long. One of the best defenses against the weeds is using a pre-emergent to kill the weed seed before the plants even show. Our Gluten 8 is a good organic pre-emergent. Gluten 8 is made from the nontoxic byproduct of corn processing and becomes more and more effective with continued use.
Applying an organic fungicide before you see signs of fungus or disease is the best way to prevent these from forming in your lawn.
There are also organic products used to kill those unwanted insects, such as fleas, ticks, chinch bugs, ants, mites, etc. Many lawns also suffer from the damage of moles & voles. Did you know we offer a Mole & Vole Repellant to keep these pest away?
Is it time for you to switch to organic solutions for your lawn? Be sure to check our full line of organic products at http://www1.zoysiafarms.com/category.jsp?id=30
posted on February 14th, 2014 by Zoysia Farms
With spring at our heels, it is time to start preparing our lawns for the summer months ahead. Spring maintenance will help you to have a beautiful, healthy, green lawn this year.
To get started it is best to de-thatch your lawn, once it has greened up. It is helpful to remove dead leaves and thatch material resulting from the previous season’s growth to improve the passage of air, water, and nutrients through the turf.
The easiest method to de-thatch your lawn is by using a Liquid Thatch Remover. This is a product we offer that is a natural liquid microbial treatment. Four treatments during the growing season will keep your lawn thatch free. Simply attached the 32 oz hose end sprayer to your hose and spray. It’s that easy!
After de-thatching your lawn applying a pre-emergent will help rid your lawn of weed and crabgrass seeds before they have a chance to germinate. Our Gluten–8 Organic Herbicide is the ideal product for this. Gluten 8 is simple and easy to use it’s very effective in reducing new weeds from ever starting. Do it early. Do it more than once.
This is also a great time to test the soil pH in your lawn. For the best results from your zoysia lawn we recommend the soil pH be between 6 and 7. If the soil pH is below a 6 then you should apply some lime, if the pH is above a 7 you should apply sulfur. Please follow the label instructions for the proper application. At our website you will find a soil pH Meter and a Rapitest soil kit as well as our Café Lime if your lawn needs lime. Sulfur products are best purchased from your local Garden Center.
Aerating your lawn, which is great for your grass, is also best done in spring to help loosen the soil and improve air flow and root growth. You can rent portable power aerating machines or most lawn care companies offer this service.
posted on December 3rd, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
How do I know what my soil pH is? Do I need to change it? How do I correct it?
Answers and solutions to these questions are very easy!
To find out the level of your soil pH you would need to test the soil. Different parts of your property may have different pH levels, it is best to check several areas. This can be done by taking samples of your soil to your local Agriculture Office, which can be found online, just enter your state name and Agriculture Extension Office, or you can simply test it yourself. If testing the soil yourself you only need a soil pH tester, such as our Soil pH Meter.
Adjusting the soil pH is simple. If your soil pH is below a 6 your soil is acidic. To bring the pH up you would need to add lime to your lawn. Since it can take several months to alter your soil pH it is best to apply lime in the fall or winter, however it can be applied at any time of the year. When choosing a lime product, please keep in mind the smaller the lime particles are the more effective they are. Lime can also be applied as a liquid. Check out our liquid Café Lime!
If your soil pH is above a 7 your soil is alkaline. To lower the pH you would need to apply Aluminum Sulfate or Sulfur. These products can be applied at any time, please be sure to follow the package instructions or over applying could burn your lawn. Your local garden center should carry these products.
posted on October 30th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Most of us do not realize the importance of the proper soil pH or what it is. The soil pH is the acidity level of your soil, which allows your plants to take up the necessary nutrients from the soil. The level has a tremendous impact on the overall health of your plants, it also helps fertilizers and pesticides to be more effective. Poor pH whether it is too high or too low can make your grass week, susceptible to disease problems and be a light green or yellow in color.
Every type of soil has a pH level. There are several factors that help determine what your soil pH is, such as your region, the type of parent material your soil is, such as clay, sand, organic matter, etc. The age of the soil, the amount of precipitation and temperatures are also main factors.
Follow our blog for information in our next article on how to test and adjust your soil pH. It is not hard to do!
posted on October 4th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
It is fall already, where did the summer go? As we start to approach the cooler weather our lawn chores, at least if you have a zoysia lawn, becomes much less. This is the time of the year you can enjoy some outside activities or just sit back and relax! This is one of the great advantages of having zoysia grass.
If you live in an area where the temperatures get cold, over the next few weeks you will be doing your final mowing for this year. After the final mowing and the weather gets cold enough, zoysia will go dormant, turning a tawny brown color. But, you will not have to worry about the looks of your zoysia lawn over the months ahead, it will keep a very manicured look and be worry free!
To have and keep a beautiful zoysia lawn, there are a few steps you should take before the grass goes dormant. It is a good practice to fertilize your established lawn in the early fall in advance of any frost. If you have not fertilized and it is still early enough, you may want to apply a water soluble fertilizer, such as our Nutri 20. Please do not use granular fertilizer, some of them can destroy zoysia grass. Remember to always read the label before applying anything to your lawn to ensure the product is safe for zoysia grass.
This is the time of year you would also apply a pre-emergent to kill the weed seeds that are already in the ground for the spring weeds. Appling a pre-emergent now will save a lot of time in the spring and summer and prevent most of the spring weeds from ever germinating and growing.
After these task are completed, sit back and enjoy the rest of the fall and winter months, you are finished with your zoysia lawn tasks until the spring!
posted on August 29th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Fall weed controls the winter annuals which germinate in autumn or winter, then bloom in winter or spring. Some of the most common winter annuals are chickweed, deadnettle, hairy bittercress, wild mustard, prickly lettuce, annual bluegrass, etc.
You would need to know what type of weed(s) you want to eliminate in order to pick a product that is going to be effective on your weed(s). There are 2 types of weeds leaves broadleaf and grassy; the same herbicide may not be effective on both types of weeds. It would be best if you check with your local nursery and inquire what type of weed control is recommended. If you are using an organic product such as our Gluten-8, it can be applied to any type of grass and used in any state.
Many weed killers may have a specific timing or temperature requirements. Fall weed control is usually done in early October.It is also very important to know what type of grass you have, not every product is safe for all types of grasses.
Remember, to read the entire label of whatever product you choose and follow the instructions for applying. Do not increase the recommended dosage, thinking this will help to kill more of the weeds or kill them quicker. Instead you could end up killing your lawn.
posted on July 10th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Looks like we may be in for another hot summer! With the temperatures reaching the 90’s and even into the 100’s it is hard to keep your grass green unless you have an Amazoy zoysia lawn. Zoysia grass loves the sunshine and heat, withstanding temperatures up to 120 degrees. When your neighbor’s lawns are turning brown because of the heat, your zoysia will retain its lush green color.
If you are lucky enough to have an Amazoy zoysia lawn, you know that it is very drought tolerant and stands up to the heat. Please remember zoysia is a living thing and needs some watering in drought type conditions.
What are drought type conditions? This is when you have not had any rain for at least a week, your temperatures are above 90 degrees and your ground is dried out and depending on the type of soil you have even cracking. The grass blades of the zoysia may also start to curl, this is called penciling. These are signs that it is time to water your zoysia lawn. Watering for about 10 to 15 minutes 2 to 3 times a week during drought conditions should be plenty for your zoysia lawn to stay healthy and green.
During extremely warm temperatures, do not use fertilizers, insect or weed control products on your lawn. These treatments in the extreme heat usually are not effective and can even burn your lawn. It is best to apply theses products when your temperatures are in the low 80’s and never in the heat of the day.
posted on June 24th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Lawn and Garden Pests
I don’t know which pests can annoy one the most, the insects or the small mammals in the lawn.
Those pesky little animals like moles, voles, armadillos, etc. that dig or burrow can cause some real damage to your lawn. These varmints can be a real challenge to get rid of. At one time the only way to get rid of these pests was to trap and relocate them. There are now some products that can be used to help rid your lawn of those pests. You can visit our website at www.zoysiafarms.com for two natural products that we offer, Armadillo Repellent and Mole & Vole Repellent. Both of these you simply attach to your hose and apply. This pest will relocate themselves back to where they came from!
Amazoy zoysia grass is not a preferred habitat for many insects, because of its very dense growth pattern. For the insects you do have to deal with, whether they are ants, fleas, ticks, chinch bugs, etc. a good pesticide should be applied. With so many chemicals being applied to lawns these days, you may want to use an organic pesticide like our Essential-1 Organic Pesticide.
All of these products are safer for your children, pets and environment. Just attach it to your hose and spray, the contents will mix with the water at the correct rate and you’ll be done in no time.
posted on February 15th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Many people do not realize that there are numerous strains of zoysia grass, all are a little different. Below are a few of the commonly used strains of zoysia to show you how they are different. Let’s start with Amazoy our name for Meyers, Z-52 the original zoysia grass.
Amazoy – Medium leaf blade, deep green color, very tight growth pattern, low maintenance, drought resistance, moderate shade tolerance and very cold tolerant but will not suffer winter damage from cold. Is usually planted as plugs, can be laid as sod.
Emerald – Fine leaf blade, dark green color, tight growth pattern, high maintenance, drought resistance, moderate shade tolerance and warm weather only, cold weather can damage it, is usually planted professionally as sod, can be planted as plugs.
Zenith – Medium leaf blade, deep green color, tight growth pattern, drought resistant, average maintenance, moderate shade tolerance, good cold tolerance, usually planted by seed (recommended to be done by professionals) can be planted by plugs.
Let’s compare, Amazoy has a medium leaf blade, grows very tight (crowds out weeds the best), giving it the feel of walking on a deep carpet, low maintenance. Only needs mowing a few times during the season; Amazoy is very drought resistant, therefore requires less watering. Amazoy will grow in partial shade and can withstand cold temperatures, up to 30 below.
Emerald has a fine leaf, tight growth pattern, (not as tight as Amazoy), requires high maintenance. It requires about 1 ½ inches of water a week and mowing about every 7 to 10 days, will grow in partial shade, but only grows well in warm weather.
Zenith has a medium blade, tight growth pattern, drought resistant and is fairly cold tolerant. Zenith is usually planted from seed however you must have a bare seedbed, if planted within an existing lawn there is a high failure rate. Can only be planted from spring to early summer and must be kept moist at least 15 to 25 days and then watered at least once a day for the next 8 to 10 weeks. Seeding is recommended for professionals only.