Archive for the ‘ Dormancy ’ Category

Removing Zoysia from Unwanted Areas


posted on October 15th, 2018 by

Has your Zoysia started invading areas that you did not want it to? Do not worry because there is a solution! Zoysia tends to spread even once established, which is beneficial because it can heal itself. However, if the right precautions are not taken, it may spread into unwanted areas.

Round-Up herbicide is one of the easiest ways to kill any vegetation, including Zoysia. It comes in an easy spray container, and it should be applied whenever a plant is green. Remember that this product will kill anything that you spray. You should not soak the grass; only give the unwanted grass a light mist with the product. For the best results, it should be applied in a zig-zag pattern. Round-Up is rain-proof in as little as four hours, but it is still best to apply it on a sunny day.

For a none-chemical solution, you can always put a plastic or metal border at least 4-6” deep into the ground to stop the Zoysia from spreading as well. This way, you will not have to remove the Zoysia from that area because the border will prevent it from ever entering the area. Overall, there are many solutions to get rid of Zoysia in unwanted areas; however your timing determines which solution you will have to go with.

Fall Maintenance for Zoysia


posted on September 24th, 2018 by

Zoysia is a very low-maintenance grass. Once established, there is little that you need to do to keep your Zoysia lawn alive and healthy. Because the end of the growing season is coming soon, here are some activities you can do to get your lawn ready for the cold weather approaching.

  • Mow– During the spring and summer months, Zoysia should be kept anywhere between 1 ½” to 3” depending on your preference. For your final mow of the season, you should raise your deck by about ½” to keep the grass a little taller for the colder weather.

  • Aerate– You can aerate your lawn each spring and fall to keep your soil from becoming heavily compacted. It also aids in preventing/ removing thatch build-up. Aerating will help root development as well.

  • Dethatch-Thatch is a layer of partially decomposed plant material that builds up on the soil’s surface. It can prevent light and water from getting to your plants. You can get rid of thatch by power-raking by hand or even by using a spray-on, organic liquid thatch remover.

  • Fertilize– During the growing season, you can fertilize 2-3 times per year. May, June, and September are usually the best months to fertilize.

 

Overall, Zoysia is a very low-maintenance grass. By completing these tasks, you can benefit your Zoysia lawn in many ways. However, each of these duties are completely optional. They will just help prepare your lawn for the cold weather coming.

Is that Rust on My Lawn?


posted on August 16th, 2018 by

Have you been noticing an orange or yellowish powder on your grass blades? If so, it is possible that “rust” has caused this discoloration. This is a fungus which while not attractive, rarely kills grasses. It tends to occur in late summer, early fall whenever the weather is dry. It usually develops on grasses that grow very slowly, like Zoysia. Depending on the “rust”, it may appear as a yellow, red, or brown color.

If you start noticing a color change on your lawn, get down to examine the blades closely. If the culprit is rust, you will notice powdery, rust spores on the grass blades. They will easily rub off on your hand. It is regularly spread by air, water, shoes, or lawn equipment. If you are also having excessive rain for a long period of time, rust outbreaks are more common once conditions dry out.

There are ways to eliminate a rust problem. First, you should maintain your grass by properly watering, mowing, and fertilizing. You should water early in the day, so the grass will dry quickly. If you have thatch built up, you should get rid of that as well. Lastly, by pruning your trees and shrubs, you will allow good airflow over the rust site, which will assist you in defeating it in time.

Overall, rust can develop in your lawn for a number of reasons. Most of the reasons are based on the weather conditions, which you unfortunately cannot control. Do not worry though because there are many ways that you can eliminate rust without the use of harmful products. There are organic fungicides now available. Natural growth is the best solution; however a little fertilizer will speed that process.

My Zoysia Is Not As Green As It Was Before


posted on July 17th, 2018 by

Zoysia may lose its deep green color for many reasons. Most of these reasons can easily be fixed without much hassle. There is no need to be alarmed by the brownish color during the winter months though because of the normal dormancy stage.

  • Dormancy- Zoysia does enter the dormant stage (turn brown) after you receive the first hard frost of the year. This process is normal, and it allows the Zoysia to protect itself during the extreme cold conditions to later achieve its nice green color in the spring. Like deciduous trees and many shrubs, this is natural for all plants.

  • Over-watering– Being drought-resistant is one of the many benefits of a Zoysia lawn. Experiencing heavy rain or having a watering system in low areas like the bottoms of hills can cause the grass to turn a yellowish-green color. Watering shady areas can have the same effect. To grow successfully, Zoysia must receive at least 2-3 hours of direct sunlight a day.

  • Fungus– Sometimes, there may be a fungus in your lawn. You may not notice it at first until you see the Zoysia turn white, yellow, or a brownish red in some spots. If you notice this, you should take a sample of your grass to a local nursery and have it tested. If you find that you do have a fungus, you can use a fungicide. Here is one we supply: http://www1.zoysiafarms.com/prodspec.jsp?id=16F7&cat=30. This product will eliminate the fungus for you and is Zoysia-safe as well.

  • Incorrect pH– If you notice that your Zoysia is growing well in some areas but not others, this can be caused by the fluctuation in pH. Zoysia thrives whenever the pH is between 6 and 7, and the pH can be different throughout your lawn especially near trees. This can be solved by applying lime if the pH is below 6, or by adding sulfur if the pH is above 7.

  • Using Granular Products or Other Unsafe Products for Zoysia- Granular products should never be used on established Zoysia. The granules tend to sit on the leaves of the Zoysia and cause them to burn. Sometimes, certain fertilizers and weed killers contain harsh products that can kill off the Zoysia as well causing it to brown out. This can be solved by checking all of your products before applying them onto Zoysia. If you are unsure if your product is Zoysia-safe, you should contact the manufacturer of the product or just test out a small area in your lawn. Many lawn-care companies are not familiar with Zoysia and may not use Zoysia-safe products.

 

Overall, Zoysia may change color for a number of reasons. Most of the problems have an easy solution or time will correct the issues. If an area of your lawn was accidentally damaged, the Zoysia may repair itself because of the spreading nature it has.

Issues with Zoysia Grass


posted on May 10th, 2018 by

Here at Zoysia Farms, we take pride in our Amazoy Zoysia that we grow. It can result in a beautiful low-maintenance lawn overtime and is beneficial to the environment. However, we also understand that Zoysia may not be the best choice for everyone’s lawn. Although some may see these as issues, we want you to know that some issues have solutions.

  • Spreading Grass- To start off, Zoysia is a spreading grass. This is beneficial for many because they want the Zoysia to overtake their existing lawn and weeds; however some want to be able to stop it from spreading into certain areas. Once established, it can continue to grow into your garden, flower bed, or even your neighbor’s lawn. There is an easy fix. Installing a plastic or metal border 4-6” deep into the ground will discourage the Zoysia from spreading. Even regular edging of flower beds will discourage the Zoysia.

  • Dormant in Winter- Like many trees and shrubs, Zoysia goes dormant (turns brown) after the first hard frost of the year. It starts to green back up whenever the ground temperature is consistently above 50 degrees. Zoysia goes dormant in order to protect itself from the harsh weather coming. Dormancy allows the grass to withstand temperatures as low as -30 degrees. If you really do not like the idea of brown grass during the winter, some of our customers have actually spray-stained their lawns green. As silly as it may sound to some, it is possible to keep your lawn green year-round that way. If you do not receive frost in your area, it is possible for Zoysia to stay green year-round too.

  • Slow-Growing- Zoysia is a slow-growing grass. For some, this is a good feature of Zoysia because you will not have to mow it nearly as much as you would other grasses. However, some are looking to have an instant lawn soon after planting. Our Amazoy Zoysia takes about 2-3 growing seasons to fill in if you are planting one plug per square foot. Also, the closer you plant the plugs and the bigger you make them, the faster you will see complete fill-in. Remember that you can always lay Zoysia sod, if you are looking for instant coverage.

 

Overall, there is no such thing as a perfect grass for all conditions and situations, but even some of Zoysia’s limitations can be overcome.

The Secrets to Mowing Zoysia Grass


posted on April 24th, 2018 by

Amazoy Meyer Zoysia is a slow-growing grass. When planting at a foot apart, it can take up to 2-3 growing seasons for plugs to completely fill in. Bigger plugs or planting closer together will speed the fill-in process. Much depends on the length of your growing season. Also, the benefit to this slow growth rate is that you will not have to mow nearly as often as you would for other grasses. Zoysia actually only needs to be mowed one time for every three times many other grasses must be cut. However, we have some tips to help you achieve the healthiest Zoysia lawn whenever it comes to mowing.

To start off, Zoysia spreads in a lateral manner, putting its energy into growing thick and lush rather than just tall. This explains why you do not need to mow Zoysia as often as other grasses. However, the first step is to be sure that your mower blades are sharp. Dull blades tend to rip the grass ends, and they do not actually cut the grass. Whenever this occurs, your lawn may look a yellowish color. Ragged grass blades take up more water resulting in a possible increase in disease. The type of mower is less important. Sharp blades are the keys to success.

Whenever you are mowing, be sure that you do not remove more than 1/3 of the leaf blade. Zoysia does best whenever the grass is 1 ½” to 3” tall. It is possible to maintain your Zoysia lawn as low as ½”, but you just want to be sure that you are not scalping the lawn.

Whenever you are mowing, you do not have to worry about picking up the grass clippings either. Studies have shown that the grass clippings add more nitrogen to your soil causing a decrease in fertilizer use. Whenever the Zoysia goes dormant for the winter months, it is not necessary to mow or to perform any other maintenance. Low-maintenance is one of the top reasons why homeowners prefer a Zoysia lawn.

Organic Products to Use on Zoysia


posted on April 24th, 2018 by

Have you been looking for ways to improve your Zoysia lawn, but are unsure of what products are safe? Zoysia Farms is a great source as they only sell Zoysia-safe products. They have many easy to use, organic products that can benefit your beautiful, established Zoysia lawn with a little help from your hose.

  • Liquid Thatch Remover– Lawn thatch is the layer of (mainly) dead turfgrass tissue lying between the green vegetation of the grass above and the root system and soil below. Thatch prevents oxygen and water from reaching the root system. This product can solve your thatch problem in just 2-3 months. It turns the thatch in your lawn into a rich, organic fertilizer, which eliminates the need for power raking. The product itself however contains no fertilizers, herbicides, or pesticides. This is safe for use around pets and does not interfere with other lawn treatments. One container will treat 5,000 square feet and should be applied three times per year if you have a thatch issue. Just be sure that the ground temperature is at least 45 degrees before applying. This product is not available for use in Arkansas, Oklahoma, or Minnesota.

  • Turf Thrive– This product allows you to grow beautiful grass in dry areas or if you want to use less water. It strengthens the roots of your grass and stimulates growth. The increased root structure can then lessen evaporation, which results in less watering. It improves fertilizer effectiveness and is also pet-friendly. One container will cover 5,000 square feet and can be applied three times per year. For best results, you should apply the product in the evening followed by a light watering. Again, be sure that the ground temperature is at least 45 degrees. This product is not available for use in Arkansas, Oklahoma, or Minnesota either.

  • Café Lime Organic Liquid Lime- Lastly, a common soil issue is too much acidity. This product reduces the acidity in your soil and acts as a quick soil pH buffer. For Zoysia, the best pH range is between 6 and 7, so this product should be used if the pH is below 6. It provides essential ingredients for increased photosynthesis as well. One quart represents 125 pounds of bagged lime and will treat approximately 16,000 square feet.

 

Overall, there are more and more organic products that are Zoysia-safe and can help improve your lawn within a short period of time. Feel free to check out Zoysia Farms’ website for other organic products that are not listed in this blog, which can eliminate pests and fungi from your lawn as well.

10 Secrets for Successfully Planting Economical Zoysia Plugs


posted on March 27th, 2018 by

  1. Mow your existing lawn and weeds to the lowest setting before planting plugs.
  2. Do not be alarmed if the plugs arrive brown and dry. This is perfectly normal for Zoysia because the plugs tend to revert into a dormant state during the shipping process.
  3. Do not leave the grass in the shipping container for more than 2-3 days after receipt.
  4. Make sure the planting area gets at least 2-3 hours of direct sunlight for the plugs to thrive.
  5. Dampen the grass sheets before cutting with a sharp tool of your choice.
  6. Put the roots of the plug within the hole you have created and make the plugs even with your existing lawn. Only cover the roots, not the entire plug.
  7. Step on each plug firmly to make sure the roots are in contact with the soil. You will not harm the plugs.
  8. Using a gentle spray, water the plugs every day for the first 3 weeks after planting. After that initial 3 weeks, you must stop watering completely. Too much water will kill the Zoysia. Continuing to water after 3 weeks is the #1 reason plugs fail.
  9. Only use water-soluble spray-on products on Zoysia, never dry granular.
  10. Do not use any weed control on the plugs for at least 45 days after planting.

Zoysia-Safe Weed Killers


posted on February 28th, 2018 by

Once established, Amazoy Zoysia can overtake many of the pesky weeds that try to invade your beautiful lawn. Zoysia grows very thick and dense, so crabgrass and most summer weed seeds are unable to germinate.

However, whenever you first plant Zoysia, it needs some time to spread to be able to crowd out the weeds. Here at Zoysia Farms, we have researched and recently introduced a few different types of weed killers that are Zoysia-safe and will help keep your lawn weed-free while it gets fully established.

  • Bonide Weed Beater Ultra– This new weed killer is mainly used for broadleaf weeds as well as over 200 of the most common weeds. It is ready to use in its pump and spray container, which eliminates any mixing. The container holds 1.33 gallons of the product, so that is enough to kill thousands of weeds. This is not for sale in Alaska or Hawaii. As stated above, it is also safe for Zoysia, so it will only harm the weeds not your lawn.

 

  • Season-Long Weed Control– We have recently introduced this weed control, which kills and prevents over 200 lawn weeds. It conveniently attaches to your hose for an easy application. It is designed to kill the weeds you can see and the seeds you can’t see. It may be used in spring, summer, or fall. This product protects your lawn for up to six months, and you can see results within 48 hours. One container will cover up to 7500 square feet, and it should be used whenever the grass is green (post-dormancy). This product is not for sale in New York.

 

  • Gluten-8 Organic Herbicide- This product is water-soluble and is derived from corn gluten meal. It prevents weed seeds from germinating, and it helps lawns better compete with other annual grasses and broadleaf weeds. Two quarts treat approximately 2000 square feet, and it conveniently attaches to your hose for an easy application.

 

Attacking the weeds before they start producing seeds is the key to eliminating these nuisances. Weed identification is always a challenge, but most weed killers are formulated to get rid of a broad range of weeds. If you are having trouble identifying the weeds in your lawn, feel free to check out these sites for additional information: The Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide http://oak.ppws.vt.edu/~flessner/weedguide/, the University of California Weed Photo Gallery http://ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/weeds_all.html , and the University of Minnesota Extension Service “Is this plant a weed?” https://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/diagnose/weed/ .

Overall, our Amazoy Zoysia is able to stand up to most invading lawn weeds. It just needs some time to become established enough to fight those weeds. We have introduced these products to help protect your Zoysia lawn and allow it to be weed-free right from the start. Being Zoysia-safe eliminates the worry of using a product that may be harmful to your grass.

When is the Best Time to Plant Zoysia for My Area?


posted on February 28th, 2018 by

Here at Zoysia Farms we are frequently questioned about when is the best time to plant for specific areas. Zoysia is best planted in the spring but can be planted through summer and into early fall as well. Every year is different but generally the planting falls into groups as shown below. We watch the weather every day and adjust accordingly for local conditions, so you don’t have to. We only ship orders once planting conditions are suitable.

LATE FEB-SEPT MID MARCH-SEPT LATE MARCH-SEPT LATE APR-AUG
·        AL

·        AR

·        FL

·        GA

·        LA

·        MS

·        NM

·        OK

·        SC

·        TX

·        DC

·        DE

·        MD

·        MO

·        NJ

·        NY

·        NC

·        TN

·        VA

·        CO

·        CT

·        IL

·        IN

·        IA

·        KY

·        MA

·        NE

·        OH

·        PA

·        RI

·        WV

·        ME

·        MI

·        MT

·        NH

·        ND

·        SD

·        VT

·        WY

·        WI

Some states require the grass to be inspected by the agricultural department before shipping. Each of the states listed below require that inspection, and we can only ship to those states one time in each of the months listed for that state. There are no exceptions. Lastly, we do not ship grass to AK, HI, WA, or OR.

(INSPECTED)

APR, MAY, JUNE, SEPT

 (INSPECTED)

MAY, JUNE, SEPT

 (INSPECTED)

MAY, JUNE

·        AZ

·        CA

·        NV

·        ID

·        KS

·        UT

·        MN