Archive for the ‘ Growth ’ Category

The Anatomy of A Zoysia Grass Plant


posted on December 4th, 2014 by

zoysia plant

Understanding how your Zoysia grows and spreads can help you to maintain and care for your lawn properly.

There are several parts to a zoysia plant. I am going to touch on some of the main parts, the crown, roots, rhizome, stolons, leaf blade and seedhead.

The crown is the main shaft of the plant which is attached to the tap roots. The tap roots can grow up to 2 feet long. The tap root is where the plant absorbs water under ground. Due to the long length of this root it can reach a lot of water that other grasses can not.

The crown also produces Rhizomes, which are roots that are underground about 4-5 inches and grow outward and upward, producing new plants. This is how the grass spreads underground.

From the crown stolons also form and run along the top of the soil. About every inch there is a small cluster, called a node. This node will eventually take a roothold forming a new plant. The stolons are how zoysia grass spreads above ground.

Most importantly, water, sunlight and nutrients are absorbed through the leaf blade and soil. These are past from the leaf blade down to the roots of the plant and then fed to the rest of the plant.

The seedhead usually does not grow if the grass is kept mowed. The seeds that are produced on most zoysia grasses are not used to propagate zoysia. The success rate is very low if at all. Successful zoysia lawns are most often grown from plugs, sprigs or sod.

Organic Solutions to Common Lawn Problems


posted on April 15th, 2014 by

With all of the chemicals being dumped into our waterways, the laws are changing more and more as to what can be applied to lawns. We all need to think about organic solutions for our lawn problems.

Did you know there are competitively priced effective organic solutions for almost all of our lawn problems? Everything from fertilizer, lime, fungicides, insecticides, thatch remover, soil enhancers and weed killers.  

The first step to having a delightful, lush, full lawn is prevention.  Early spring is the best time to apply soil enhancers, pre-emergent weed killers, fertilizers, lime and insecticides.

One of the great organic products is the liquid thatch remover.  This product takes the drudgery out of raking out the previous year’s debris from your lawn.  If you have never tried our liquid Thatch it certainly makes this chore much easier.

The better the soil, the better your lawn will perform and look.  It is important to have your soil pH in correct range so your plants thrive.  The soil pH should be between 6.0 and 7.0.  The ph can be altered if needed by using lime, such as our Cafe Lime if the soil pH is below a 6.0 and sulfur if it is above 7.0.

Most of us fight weeds all summer long.  One of the best defenses against the weeds is using a pre-emergent to kill the weed seed before the plants even show.  Our Gluten 8 is a good organic pre-emergent.  Gluten 8 is made from the nontoxic byproduct of corn processing and becomes more and more effective with continued use.

Applying an organic fungicide before you see signs of fungus or disease is the best way to prevent these from forming in your lawn.

There are also organic products used to kill those unwanted insects, such as fleas, ticks, chinch bugs, ants, mites, etc.  Many lawns also suffer from the damage of moles & voles. Did you know we offer a Mole & Vole Repellant to keep these pest away?

Is it time for you to switch to organic solutions for your lawn? Be sure to check our full line of organic products at http://www1.zoysiafarms.com/category.jsp?id=30

Most Common Suspects When Zoysia Plugs Don’t Grow


posted on March 11th, 2014 by

                  

Why didn’t my plugs work, it says they will grow anywhere?  When this question is asked we play detective to find the reason why.   CSI Zoysia has a list of suspects, let’s investigate.

Suspect #1 – Left in the Box

Plant the plugs as soon as you can.  If you cannot plant right away, that’s fine but the plugs must be taken out of the box, laid grass side up, kept out of the direct sunlight and sprinkled daily.  The plugs can actually survive 2 to 3 weeds before planting if these steps are followed.  Do not leave the grass in the box!

Suspect #2 – Gets Enough Sun

Before planting the grass check out the area and make sure it gets at least 2 to 3 hours of direct sunlight a day or the plugs will not grow well.

Suspect #3 – Not Following Label Instructions

By not stopping and reading the label of products applied to your lawn, such as weed killers, fertilizers, etc you could end up with dead plugs.  You want to check and be sure it is safe for zoysia grass, follow their recommend applications and waiting period before planting.

Suspect #4 – Too Much Water

Over watering is the Prime Suspect for the plugs to fail.  Amazoy zoysia is very drought resistant, too much water can damage its root system. When first planted the plugs do need to be watered daily but only about 10 to 15 minutes once a day, for the first three weeks.  Do not over water the plugs, this can kill them. 

Suspect #5 – Covering the Plugs

Do not cover the entire plug. Only cover the roots of the plugs, leaving the blades above ground level.   After covering the roots step on the plug firmly to eliminate any air pockets.

Suspect # 6 – Too Many Weeds

Until the plugs have completely filled in, they still need help with weed control. If you let the weeds take over, they can choke out the plugs.  Once the plugs are established, they will choke out most summer weeds.

Making sure none of these suspects are threats to your plugs, you should start to see new green blades of grass growing from each plug and you are on your way to a beautiful zoysia lawn!

What is the Big Deal About Soil pH? part 2


posted on December 3rd, 2013 by

How do I know what my soil pH is? Do I need to change it?  How do I correct it?

Answers and solutions to these questions are very easy!

Different plants prefer different soil pH levels.  For zoysia grass the recommended soil pH levels are between 6 and 7.

To find out the level of your soil pH you would need to test the soil.  Different parts of your property may have different pH levels, it is best to check several areas.  This can be done by taking samples of your soil to your local Agriculture Office, which can be found online,  just enter your state name and Agriculture Extension Office,  or you can simply test it yourself.  If testing the soil yourself you only need a soil pH tester, such as our Soil pH Meter.

Adjusting the soil pH is simple.  If your soil pH is below a 6 your soil is acidic. To bring the pH up you would need to add lime to your lawn.  Since it can take several months to alter your soil pH it is best to apply lime in the fall or winter, however it can be applied at any time of the year.  When choosing a lime product, please keep in mind the smaller the lime particles are the more effective they are. Lime can also be applied as a liquid. Check out our liquid Café Lime!

If your soil pH is above a 7 your soil is alkaline.  To lower the pH you would need to apply Aluminum Sulfate or Sulfur.  These products can be applied at any time, please be sure to follow the package instructions or over applying could burn your lawn. Your local garden center should carry these products.

What Is the Big Deal about Soil PH? – Part 1


posted on October 30th, 2013 by

 

 What is soil pH?  What are the numbers about? What does it do?   

Most of us do not realize the importance of the proper soil pH or what it is.  The soil pH is the acidity level of your soil, which allows your plants to take up the necessary nutrients from the soil.  The level has a tremendous impact on the overall health of your plants, it also helps fertilizers and pesticides to be more effective. Poor pH whether it is too high or too low can make your grass week, susceptible to disease problems and be a light green or yellow in color. 

Every type of soil has a pH level.  There are several factors that help determine what your soil pH is, such as your region, the type of parent material your soil is, such as clay, sand, organic matter, etc.  The age of the soil, the amount of precipitation and temperatures are also main factors. 

     How do I know what my soil pH is?  Do I need to change it? How do I adjust it?

Follow our blog for information in our next article on how to test and adjust your soil pH. It is not hard to do!

How Many Plugs Do I Need


posted on February 25th, 2013 by

How Many Plugs Should One Buy?

When you are ready to start your Amazoy zoysia lawn, the first thing you need to do is measure the area for the square footage. Following the steps below will assist you in calculating how many plugs you will need.  We recommend 2 plugs per every square foot.  Planting at this rate it will take about 1 to 1 1/2 seasons (years) for your zoysia plugs to completely fill in. You can increase or decrease the number of plugs per square foot, however this will alter the fill in time.

To determine the total number of plugs required, measure the length and width of the area to be covered. There is no need to be exact, getting the approximate length by width and adding a bit to both will ensure you order enough plugs.  It may make it easier if you break the area down in sections, for example if you are planting your entire lawn your backyard would be one section, side lawn would be the second section and front lawn would be the third section.

Once you have the measurements, enter them in our plug calculator and it will determine the number of plugs you need whether you are planting one plug every square foot or up to 4 plugs per square foot. The calculator will help figure out how many plugs you need if your lawn is circular, triangular, or free-form in shape, just break these areas down into smaller blocks.  You can enter up to eight areas on the calculator at one time.

Different types of Zoysia Grass


posted on February 15th, 2013 by

 ZoysiaLawn

Many people do not realize that there are numerous strains of zoysia grass, all are a little different.   Below are a few of the commonly used strains of zoysia to show you how they are different. Let’s start with Amazoy our name for Meyers, Z-52 the original zoysia grass.

Amazoy – Medium leaf blade, deep green color, very tight growth pattern, low maintenance, drought resistance, moderate shade tolerance and very cold tolerant but will not suffer winter damage from cold. Is usually planted as plugs, can be laid as sod.

Emerald – Fine leaf blade, dark green color, tight growth pattern, high maintenance, drought resistance, moderate shade tolerance and warm weather only, cold weather can damage it, is usually planted professionally as sod, can be planted as plugs.

Zenith – Medium leaf blade, deep green color, tight growth pattern, drought resistant, average maintenance, moderate shade tolerance, good cold tolerance, usually planted by seed (recommended to be done by professionals) can be planted by plugs.

Let’s compare, Amazoy has a medium leaf blade, grows very tight (crowds out weeds the best), giving it the feel of walking on a deep carpet, low maintenance. Only needs mowing a few times during the season; Amazoy is very drought resistant, therefore requires less watering. Amazoy will grow in partial shade and can withstand cold temperatures, up to 30 below.

Emerald has a fine leaf, tight growth pattern, (not as tight as Amazoy), requires high maintenance. It requires about 1 ½ inches of water a week and mowing about every 7 to 10 days, will grow in partial shade, but only grows well in warm weather.

Zenith has a medium blade, tight growth pattern, drought resistant and is fairly cold tolerant.  Zenith is usually planted from seed however you must have a bare seedbed, if planted within an existing lawn there is a high failure rate.  Can only be planted from spring to early summer and must be kept moist at least 15 to 25 days and then watered at least once a day for the next 8 to 10 weeks.  Seeding is recommended for professionals only.

Choosing a Grass


posted on February 1st, 2013 by

                                    

               What is the right grass for you? 

With so many different types of grasses available, how do you know what grass is right for you?  There are several different aspects you will need to consider.  First you need to decide what kind of grass you are going to plant, fescue, rye, Bermuda, St. Augustine, zoysia, etc.  Be sure to check on the different strains the grasses have, each one is a little different.   

It is best to look at the main characteristic such as, how is the grass planted; seed, plugs, sod, etc.  Consider what you want from your grass, such as color, maintenance, water requirements, growth pattern, blade size, dormancy, reproduction and durability as well as cost.

It is important to check all of these aspects of the grass. 

  • Color – Some are a light green, deep green, dark green, blue green, etc.
  • Maintenance – How much is required? How frequent does the lawn need to be mowed, watered, fertilized, weed control applied, etc.
  • Watering requirements – Is the grass drought resistant?  Does your area have water restrictions?  What is the average amount of water the grass requires?
  • Blade Size and texture – Do you want a thin blade, medium blade or wide blade? Do you want a grass that feels course, soft grass or a grass that feels like carpet?
  • Growth pattern –  Is the grass a spreading grass or does it need to be reseeded each year?  
  • Seasons – Do you want a grass that will stay green all summer, then you want a “warm” weather grass. Do you want a cold weather grass that can brown out in summer during extreme heat but stays green in the winter?
  • Durability – How much wear and tear can the grass tolerant? Will it hold up to children and pets?
  • Slopes – Do you want a grass with low maintenance and good erosion control or seed the area and hope the seeds take before washing away?

 There is a lot to consider and research, however remember your lawn is something you will want to enjoy for a long, long time. The right decision can make a huge difference!

Preparing for Winter Dormancy


posted on November 7th, 2011 by

With the cold snap imminent, some of you are going to notice your grass turning a tawny-brown color. No need to worry, this is quite natural. Zoysia, like trees, goes dormant after the first hard frost — But instead of losing leaves, its green color fades.

Zoysia’s dormancy is a safeguard against colder temperatures, up to -30˚ F in fact! Just like trees that regrow their leaves in the spring, Zoysia will come back lush each spring once the soil reaches 50˚F. This behavior is what let’s Zoysia thrive in even the hottest summers.

Most grasses go dormant at some point in the year. “Cool season” grasses do the opposite, they go dormant and brown in the warm summer months. Zoysia is categorized as a “warm season” grass, so it goes dormant in the winter and is green in the summer, just when you want your grass nice and lush.

Depending on where you live, your Zoysia may not go dormant at all. If your winters are mild, your lawn will be green year round. Either way, come spring, your lawn will be back to its lush, beautiful green in no time!

 

The Types of Soil and Your Zoysia Lawn


posted on April 14th, 2011 by

The soil underneath of your Zoysia lawn supplies your grass with nutrients and water as it grows.  While Zoysia grows well in a variety of soils, in order to be sure your lawn will grow successfully and look its best, it’s important to know the type of soil you’re working with.

Sand

Sandy soil is made of larger rock particles that fit loosely together.  While this type of soil does not lend itself to remaining moist, its roomy airspaces allow Zoysia’s roots to penetrate and provide quicker root development.  Prior to planting, though, this type of soil might require some alteration in the form of manure or compost if it is more sand than soil.

Silt

Silt-based soils are made of medium-sized particles that can often only be seen with the aide of a microscope.  These types of soils shed water quickly, but feel slick to the touch when they are wet.  They tend to be rich in nutrients and a great growing environment.

Clay

Clay-like soils are made of tiny particle that stick tightly together.  These soils hold water and nutrients well, but they are also susceptible to “winter heaving” which can be harmful to perennial plants.  It is best to mix your clay soil well with an organic matter to reduce its compaction, making it easier for roots to grow.

Organic Matter

Organic matter is made of organic materials like compost, decomposed manure and shredded leaves.  When applied to sandy or clay-like soils, it helps to maintain ideal moisture levels and creates airspace to help roots grow as needed.  By adding organic matter in moderation, you alter your existing soil and give your Zoysia lawn the best chance to grow and thrive.

Remember, a big part of keeping your lawn healthy and beautiful is knowing what’s underneath it.  Knowing what type of soil you have prior to planting your Zoysia lawn will help it to grow and thrive for years to come.