posted on December 3rd, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
How do I know what my soil pH is? Do I need to change it? How do I correct it?
Answers and solutions to these questions are very easy!
Different plants prefer different soil pH levels. For zoysia grass the recommended soil pH levels are between 6 and 7.
To find out the level of your soil pH you would need to test the soil. Different parts of your property may have different pH levels, it is best to check several areas. This can be done by taking samples of your soil to your local Agriculture Office, which can be found online, just enter your state name and Agriculture Extension Office, or you can simply test it yourself. If testing the soil yourself you only need a soil pH tester, such as our Soil pH Meter.
Adjusting the soil pH is simple. If your soil pH is below a 6 your soil is acidic. To bring the pH up you would need to add lime to your lawn. Since it can take several months to alter your soil pH it is best to apply lime in the fall or winter, however it can be applied at any time of the year. When choosing a lime product, please keep in mind the smaller the lime particles are the more effective they are. Lime can also be applied as a liquid. Check out our liquid Café Lime!
If your soil pH is above a 7 your soil is alkaline. To lower the pH you would need to apply Aluminum Sulfate or Sulfur. These products can be applied at any time, please be sure to follow the package instructions or over applying could burn your lawn. Your local garden center should carry these products.
posted on October 30th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
What is soil pH? What are the numbers about? What does it do?
Most of us do not realize the importance of the proper soil pH or what it is. The soil pH is the acidity level of your soil, which allows your plants to take up the necessary nutrients from the soil. The level has a tremendous impact on the overall health of your plants, it also helps fertilizers and pesticides to be more effective. Poor pH whether it is too high or too low can make your grass week, susceptible to disease problems and be a light green or yellow in color.
Every type of soil has a pH level. There are several factors that help determine what your soil pH is, such as your region, the type of parent material your soil is, such as clay, sand, organic matter, etc. The age of the soil, the amount of precipitation and temperatures are also main factors.
How do I know what my soil pH is? Do I need to change it? How do I adjust it?
Follow our blog for information in our next article on how to test and adjust your soil pH. It is not hard to do!
posted on October 4th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
It is fall already, where did the summer go? As we start to approach the cooler weather our lawn chores, at least if you have a zoysia lawn, becomes much less. This is the time of the year you can enjoy some outside activities or just sit back and relax! This is one of the great advantages of having zoysia grass.
If you live in an area where the temperatures get cold, over the next few weeks you will be doing your final mowing for this year. After the final mowing and the weather gets cold enough, zoysia will go dormant, turning a tawny brown color. But, you will not have to worry about the looks of your zoysia lawn over the months ahead, it will keep a very manicured look and be worry free!
To have and keep a beautiful zoysia lawn, there are a few steps you should take before the grass goes dormant. It is a good practice to fertilize your established lawn in the early fall in advance of any frost. If you have not fertilized and it is still early enough, you may want to apply a water soluble fertilizer, such as our Nutri 20. Please do not use granular fertilizer, some of them can destroy zoysia grass. Remember to always read the label before applying anything to your lawn to ensure the product is safe for zoysia grass.
This is the time of year you would also apply a pre-emergent to kill the weed seeds that are already in the ground for the spring weeds. Appling a pre-emergent now will save a lot of time in the spring and summer and prevent most of the spring weeds from ever germinating and growing.
After these task are completed, sit back and enjoy the rest of the fall and winter months, you are finished with your zoysia lawn tasks until the spring!
posted on August 29th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Don’t attack the weed, kill the seed. A pre-emergent weed killer applied in the spring and fall will help eliminate most weeds before the weed emerges by killing the weed seeds.
Fall weed controls the winter annuals which germinate in autumn or winter, then bloom in winter or spring. Some of the most common winter annuals are chickweed, deadnettle, hairy bittercress, wild mustard, prickly lettuce, annual bluegrass, etc.
You would need to know what type of weed(s) you want to eliminate in order to pick a product that is going to be effective on your weed(s). There are 2 types of weeds leaves broadleaf and grassy; the same herbicide may not be effective on both types of weeds. It would be best if you check with your local nursery and inquire what type of weed control is recommended. If you are using an organic product such as our Gluten-8, it can be applied to any type of grass and used in any state.
Many weed killers may have a specific timing or temperature requirements. Fall weed control is usually done in early October.It is also very important to know what type of grass you have, not every product is safe for all types of grasses.
Remember, to read the entire label of whatever product you choose and follow the instructions for applying. Do not increase the recommended dosage, thinking this will help to kill more of the weeds or kill them quicker. Instead you could end up killing your lawn.
posted on July 10th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Zoysia in Summer Heat
Looks like we may be in for another hot summer! With the temperatures reaching the 90’s and even into the 100’s it is hard to keep your grass green unless you have an Amazoy zoysia lawn. Zoysia grass loves the sunshine and heat, withstanding temperatures up to 120 degrees. When your neighbor’s lawns are turning brown because of the heat, your zoysia will retain its lush green color.
If you are lucky enough to have an Amazoy zoysia lawn, you know that it is very drought tolerant and stands up to the heat. Please remember zoysia is a living thing and needs some watering in drought type conditions.
What are drought type conditions? This is when you have not had any rain for at least a week, your temperatures are above 90 degrees and your ground is dried out and depending on the type of soil you have even cracking. The grass blades of the zoysia may also start to curl, this is called penciling. These are signs that it is time to water your zoysia lawn. Watering for about 10 to 15 minutes 2 to 3 times a week during drought conditions should be plenty for your zoysia lawn to stay healthy and green.
During extremely warm temperatures, do not use fertilizers, insect or weed control products on your lawn. These treatments in the extreme heat usually are not effective and can even burn your lawn. It is best to apply theses products when your temperatures are in the low 80’s and never in the heat of the day.
posted on June 24th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Lawn and Garden Pests
The grass is green, the trees are full, the flowers are blooming. Unfortunately, the lawn and garden pests are also making their appearance.
I don’t know which pests can annoy one the most, the insects or the small mammals in the lawn.
Those pesky little animals like moles, voles, armadillos, etc. that dig or burrow can cause some real damage to your lawn. These varmints can be a real challenge to get rid of. At one time the only way to get rid of these pests was to trap and relocate them. There are now some products that can be used to help rid your lawn of those pests. You can visit our website at www.zoysiafarms.com for two natural products that we offer, Armadillo Repellent and Mole & Vole Repellent. Both of these you simply attach to your hose and apply. This pest will relocate themselves back to where they came from!
Amazoy zoysia grass is not a preferred habitat for many insects, because of its very dense growth pattern. For the insects you do have to deal with, whether they are ants, fleas, ticks, chinch bugs, etc. a good pesticide should be applied. With so many chemicals being applied to lawns these days, you may want to use an organic pesticide like our Essential-1 Organic Pesticide.
All of these products are safer for your children, pets and environment. Just attach it to your hose and spray, the contents will mix with the water at the correct rate and you’ll be done in no time.
posted on February 25th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
How Many Plugs Should One Buy?
When you are ready to start your Amazoy zoysia lawn, the first thing you need to do is measure the area for the square footage. Following the steps below will assist you in calculating how many plugs you will need. We recommend 2 plugs per every square foot. Planting at this rate it will take about 1 to 1 1/2 seasons (years) for your zoysia plugs to completely fill in. You can increase or decrease the number of plugs per square foot, however this will alter the fill in time.
To determine the total number of plugs required, measure the length and width of the area to be covered. There is no need to be exact, getting the approximate length by width and adding a bit to both will ensure you order enough plugs. It may make it easier if you break the area down in sections, for example if you are planting your entire lawn your backyard would be one section, side lawn would be the second section and front lawn would be the third section.
Once you have the measurements, enter them in our plug calculator and it will determine the number of plugs you need whether you are planting one plug every square foot or up to 4 plugs per square foot. The calculator will help figure out how many plugs you need if your lawn is circular, triangular, or free-form in shape, just break these areas down into smaller blocks. You can enter up to eight areas on the calculator at one time.
posted on February 15th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Many people do not realize that there are numerous strains of zoysia grass, all are a little different. Below are a few of the commonly used strains of zoysia to show you how they are different. Let’s start with Amazoy our name for Meyers, Z-52 the original zoysia grass.
Amazoy – Medium leaf blade, deep green color, very tight growth pattern, low maintenance, drought resistance, moderate shade tolerance and very cold tolerant but will not suffer winter damage from cold. Is usually planted as plugs, can be laid as sod.
Emerald – Fine leaf blade, dark green color, tight growth pattern, high maintenance, drought resistance, moderate shade tolerance and warm weather only, cold weather can damage it, is usually planted professionally as sod, can be planted as plugs.
Zenith – Medium leaf blade, deep green color, tight growth pattern, drought resistant, average maintenance, moderate shade tolerance, good cold tolerance, usually planted by seed (recommended to be done by professionals) can be planted by plugs.
Let’s compare, Amazoy has a medium leaf blade, grows very tight (crowds out weeds the best), giving it the feel of walking on a deep carpet, low maintenance. Only needs mowing a few times during the season; Amazoy is very drought resistant, therefore requires less watering. Amazoy will grow in partial shade and can withstand cold temperatures, up to 30 below.
Emerald has a fine leaf, tight growth pattern, (not as tight as Amazoy), requires high maintenance. It requires about 1 ½ inches of water a week and mowing about every 7 to 10 days, will grow in partial shade, but only grows well in warm weather.
Zenith has a medium blade, tight growth pattern, drought resistant and is fairly cold tolerant. Zenith is usually planted from seed however you must have a bare seedbed, if planted within an existing lawn there is a high failure rate. Can only be planted from spring to early summer and must be kept moist at least 15 to 25 days and then watered at least once a day for the next 8 to 10 weeks. Seeding is recommended for professionals only.
posted on February 1st, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
What is the right grass for you?
With so many different types of grasses available, how do you know what grass is right for you? There are several different aspects you will need to consider. First you need to decide what kind of grass you are going to plant, fescue, rye, Bermuda, St. Augustine, zoysia, etc. Be sure to check on the different strains the grasses have, each one is a little different.
It is best to look at the main characteristic such as, how is the grass planted; seed, plugs, sod, etc. Consider what you want from your grass, such as color, maintenance, water requirements, growth pattern, blade size, dormancy, reproduction and durability as well as cost.
It is important to check all of these aspects of the grass.
- Color – Some are a light green, deep green, dark green, blue green, etc.
- Maintenance – How much is required? How frequent does the lawn need to be mowed, watered, fertilized, weed control applied, etc.
- Watering requirements - Is the grass drought resistant? Does your area have water restrictions? What is the average amount of water the grass requires?
- Blade Size and texture - Do you want a thin blade, medium blade or wide blade? Do you want a grass that feels course, soft grass or a grass that feels like carpet?
- Growth pattern - Is the grass a spreading grass or does it need to be reseeded each year?
- Seasons – Do you want a grass that will stay green all summer, then you want a “warm” weather grass. Do you want a cold weather grass that can brown out in summer during extreme heat but stays green in the winter?
- Durability – How much wear and tear can the grass tolerant? Will it hold up to children and pets?
- Slopes – Do you want a grass with low maintenance and good erosion control or seed the area and hope the seeds take before washing away?
There is a lot to consider and research, however remember your lawn is something you will want to enjoy for a long, long time. The right decision can make a huge difference!
posted on October 19th, 2012 by Zoysia Farms
The cold is approaching. One of the first things you’re going to notice is your grass turning a tawny-brown color. Don’t panic, this is natural. Zoysia is a warm-season grass and, like trees, goes dormant after the first hard frost. This helps the Zoysia survive in colder climates and the luscious green will return come spring.
To get your grass ready for the cold weather ahead, mow it at about 1.5 to 2.5 inches. To prevent dead spots, make sure to clean up all the lawn mower clippings. Do not fertilize your Zoysia now. Unlike cold-season grasses, Zoysia prefers to be fertilized in the late spring to early summer months when the grass is growing. Fertilizing now could actually harm your lawn.
Overall Zoysia grass is strong and fairly self-sufficient. The trick to keeping your Zoysia strong during the winter is to keep it strong during the summer. Dethatching to help water and nutrients reach the soil is fine at this time of year before it goes dormant, but is even better when done in the spring. One of the very best things you can do for your lawn is aerating it and now is the perfect time to do this, once again, do this before it goes dormant. Then, just sit back and enjoy how easy Zoysia is to care for while you wait for spring. It’s a time of rest for you and your lawn.