Posts Tagged ‘ Soil ’
posted on September 4th, 2015 by SecureAdminZ
What causes the soil to become compacted? Usually a lawn that has heavy traffic on it, such as dogs and/or children playing, a riding lawn mower, etc. the ground can become very compacted. A thatch build up can also cause the soil to compact. If there is a thatch build up you need to remove it before aerating the lawn. Also the lawns of new homes or lawns that have been sodded can have compacted soil.
Your lawn needs to be moist when aerating. The day following a nice rain provides excellent soil conditions for aerating your lawn. Fall or spring is the best time to aerate since your soil is soft and moist then.
Aerating is done with either a spike aerator or a plug aerator. The spike aerator pokes small holes in your soil, helping to break up the compacted soil. The plug aerator is more effective since it makes the holes about ½ to ¾ of an inch wide and goes deeper into the ground extracting a core of soil. This will break the compacted soil more than a hole made by the spike.
If the plugs do not breakdown by themselves after a couple of rain showers, you can break the plugs down using the back of a rake or even running your lawn mower over your grass.
After aerating, continue to use and care for your lawn as normal.
posted on March 11th, 2014 by Zoysia Farms
Why didn’t my plugs work, it says they will grow anywhere? When this question is asked we play detective to find the reason why. CSI Zoysia has a list of suspects, let’s investigate.
Suspect #1 – Left in the Box
Plant the plugs as soon as you can. If you cannot plant right away, that’s fine but the plugs must be taken out of the box, laid grass side up, kept out of the direct sunlight and sprinkled daily. The plugs can actually survive 2 to 3 weeds before planting if these steps are followed. Do not leave the grass in the box!
Suspect #2 – Gets Enough Sun
Before planting the grass check out the area and make sure it gets at least 2 to 3 hours of direct sunlight a day or the plugs will not grow well.
Suspect #3 – Not Following Label Instructions
By not stopping and reading the label of products applied to your lawn, such as weed killers, fertilizers, etc you could end up with dead plugs. You want to check and be sure it is safe for zoysia grass, follow their recommend applications and waiting period before planting.
Suspect #4 – Too Much Water
Over watering is the Prime Suspect for the plugs to fail. Amazoy zoysia is very drought resistant, too much water can damage its root system. When first planted the plugs do need to be watered daily but only about 10 to 15 minutes once a day, for the first three weeks. Do not over water the plugs, this can kill them.
Suspect #5 – Covering the Plugs
Do not cover the entire plug. Only cover the roots of the plugs, leaving the blades above ground level. After covering the roots step on the plug firmly to eliminate any air pockets.
Suspect # 6 – Too Many Weeds
Until the plugs have completely filled in, they still need help with weed control. If you let the weeds take over, they can choke out the plugs. Once the plugs are established, they will choke out most summer weeds.
Making sure none of these suspects are threats to your plugs, you should start to see new green blades of grass growing from each plug and you are on your way to a beautiful zoysia lawn!
posted on December 3rd, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
How do I know what my soil pH is? Do I need to change it? How do I correct it?
Answers and solutions to these questions are very easy!
To find out the level of your soil pH you would need to test the soil. Different parts of your property may have different pH levels, it is best to check several areas. This can be done by taking samples of your soil to your local Agriculture Office, which can be found online, just enter your state name and Agriculture Extension Office, or you can simply test it yourself. If testing the soil yourself you only need a soil pH tester, such as our Soil pH Meter.
Adjusting the soil pH is simple. If your soil pH is below a 6 your soil is acidic. To bring the pH up you would need to add lime to your lawn. Since it can take several months to alter your soil pH it is best to apply lime in the fall or winter, however it can be applied at any time of the year. When choosing a lime product, please keep in mind the smaller the lime particles are the more effective they are. Lime can also be applied as a liquid. Check out our liquid Café Lime!
If your soil pH is above a 7 your soil is alkaline. To lower the pH you would need to apply Aluminum Sulfate or Sulfur. These products can be applied at any time, please be sure to follow the package instructions or over applying could burn your lawn. Your local garden center should carry these products.
posted on October 30th, 2013 by Zoysia Farms
Most of us do not realize the importance of the proper soil pH or what it is. The soil pH is the acidity level of your soil, which allows your plants to take up the necessary nutrients from the soil. The level has a tremendous impact on the overall health of your plants, it also helps fertilizers and pesticides to be more effective. Poor pH whether it is too high or too low can make your grass week, susceptible to disease problems and be a light green or yellow in color.
Every type of soil has a pH level. There are several factors that help determine what your soil pH is, such as your region, the type of parent material your soil is, such as clay, sand, organic matter, etc. The age of the soil, the amount of precipitation and temperatures are also main factors.
Follow our blog for information in our next article on how to test and adjust your soil pH. It is not hard to do!
posted on April 14th, 2011 by Steve Schug
The soil underneath of your Zoysia lawn supplies your grass with nutrients and water as it grows. While Zoysia grows well in a variety of soils, in order to be sure your lawn will grow successfully and look its best, it’s important to know the type of soil you’re working with.
Sandy soil is made of larger rock particles that fit loosely together. While this type of soil does not lend itself to remaining moist, its roomy airspaces allow Zoysia’s roots to penetrate and provide quicker root development. Prior to planting, though, this type of soil might require some alteration in the form of manure or compost if it is more sand than soil.
Silt-based soils are made of medium-sized particles that can often only be seen with the aide of a microscope. These types of soils shed water quickly, but feel slick to the touch when they are wet. They tend to be rich in nutrients and a great growing environment.
Clay-like soils are made of tiny particle that stick tightly together. These soils hold water and nutrients well, but they are also susceptible to “winter heaving” which can be harmful to perennial plants. It is best to mix your clay soil well with an organic matter to reduce its compaction, making it easier for roots to grow.
Organic matter is made of organic materials like compost, decomposed manure and shredded leaves. When applied to sandy or clay-like soils, it helps to maintain ideal moisture levels and creates airspace to help roots grow as needed. By adding organic matter in moderation, you alter your existing soil and give your Zoysia lawn the best chance to grow and thrive.
Remember, a big part of keeping your lawn healthy and beautiful is knowing what’s underneath it. Knowing what type of soil you have prior to planting your Zoysia lawn will help it to grow and thrive for years to come.
posted on April 6th, 2010 by Steve Schug
Keeping your lawn maintained and looking great starts with knowing what is underneath it: soil. You might think “dirt is dirt”, but in fact, soil can have quite the range. Being knowledgeable of what kind of soil you have in your yard will help you make the right choices for your lawn.
There are a few things you should be considering when thinking about soil and lawn care maintenance.
Test Your Soil
First, you should test your soil. Knowing what kind of soil you’ve got will help you know what nutrients you need. You can test your soil using a pH meter or a soil test kit.
Your pH meter will tell you the pH of your soil, which will range from 3 to 10 on the pH scale (see below). A 7 on the scale marks neutrality; any soil above that is considered basic or alkaline, while anything below is considered acidic. Most good soils will range from 5-7.
Discover Your Soil Type
After finding out the pH of your soil, you should grab a handful of your soil to discover the texture and type. If your handful of soil holds shape, it is clay-like. If it doesn’t it will be more sandy.
Clay like soil has a few advantages. It holds moisture and nutrients well, which means less time watering and less money spent on fertilizers. Despite this, there are a few disadvantages.
Clay like soil has poor drainage, allowing it to become oversaturated and deprive plants from the oxygen it needs. It can also warm slowly in spring, shortening the planting season. When it does dry, it can crust or crack, causing plant roots to tear.
Sandy soil has advantages. It drains easily and quickly, allowing for oxygen. It also is easily worked, and warms quickly in spring, allowing for quick planting. Despite these things, it also tends to have a low capacity for holding both moisture, needing more water and fertilizer. It is also subject to erosion.
An ideal soil is something in between sandy and clay like. To read more about soil types, click here.
If you’ve got clay like or sandy soil, there are a few things you can do to alter it to your needs. Add a generous amount of organic matter, like compost, manure, or peat moss. Spread a layer, between 3 or 4 inches thick, over your existing soil. Then thoroughly incorporate it into your existing soil. Be sure to do this, because just adding a layer on top won’t help.
Remember, do add organic matter in moderation. Too much can be harmful and toxic to your lawn.
Your Soil and Zoysia Plugs
Luckily, zoysia can grow in a variety of soils. But it is always best to alter your soil before planting plugs. It will help encourage your zoysia lawn establish and grow hearty and lush.